I gave a 11 minute talk on voting in the US and it’s issues last night at the Urban Hive in Sacramento. This was to a very small audience and was something I threw together at the last minute.
These are my notes for the talk:
voting in America - epic FAIL --- intro * not well prepared speech - expect a very bad talk on a very important topic * goal is to make people think about democracy in US and whether it works / could be improved principals of democracy * choice by people "Democracy is a system of government in which people choose their rulers by voting for them in elections." root demos = people FAIL: $ in politics, single winner districts, gerrymandering, 2 party system due largely to plurality voting * representative democracy (vs direct democracy) * communication more effective (direct democracy does not scale) * specialization (reps are knowledgable about issues) * delegation * representative FAIL: unrepresentative representatives, in pockets of large special interests, gerrymandered to get reelected * consent of governed FAIL: see representative democracy list current #s: 26% approval rating for congress, 49% for president * accountability FAIL: unrepresentative representatives * transparency FAIL: voting machines, lack of publicly observed counting, vote by mail to a degree, blind trust in election results * US specific concepts: * federalism for national powers FAIL: In my view this is inappropriate; people should be represented nationally rather then states * Separation of Powers - legislative vs executive vs judicial OK off-topic: * majority rule vs minority rights * - democracy not necessarily enough and/or need for compromise *unless* people moderate their views to respect the minority problems with US system: * single winner districts => unrepresentative representatives. In extreme only 50%+1 represented * gerrymandering => representatives choose voters instead of vice versa. In extreme only 25%+1 represented * money in politics, money as 'speech', corporate personhood under the law => corporate money as speech "A bitterly divided Supreme Court ruled on Thursday that the government may not ban political spending by corporations, labor unions or other organizations in elections. The court’s majority in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission swept aside a century-old doctrine in election law, ruling that the campaign finance restriction violated the First Amendment’s free speech principles" * national government is a federation in which *states* are represented NOT people * eg. senate weighs each state equally * house of representative does not weight states fully equally - rounding errors, formula for # of reps, etc... * president elected by electoral college - not national popular vote * single winner election systems - plurality voting. lesser of 2 evils. Bush v Gore v Nader * => 2 party system - systemic issue we can do better * takes political will * understand that there are proposed reforms and that some have obstacles or are contradictory * some are worse then what we have currently! what you can do: * donate to relief efforts in Haiti - not strictly related but important :) * read and be aware of the recent news on Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission * sites and organizations to check out: $ in politics: "changeCongress.org" "maplight.org" and "Center for Political Accountability" voting systems: "score voting.net aka rangevoting.org" general: "allaboutvoting.com" - my site * terms to research: "election reform" "asset voting" "approval voting" "score voting" aka "range voting" "delegatable proxy" Q&A